Liberty urges Nottingham Council to scrap plans to criminalise poverty and acts of kindness

01 October 2018

Human rights campaigning organisation Liberty has called on Nottingham City Council to abandon plans which will penalise some of the city’s most vulnerable people – and anyone trying to help them.

The organisation has responded to a consultation on the council’s proposed Public Space Protection Order (PSPO), which closes on Wednesday 3 October.

The council has proposed a package of measures which ignore Home Office guidance by essentially banning homelessness – and then criminalise charitable acts in the city made famous worldwide by Robin Hood.

As drafted, the PSPO prohibits people from obstructing entrances or exits of buildings and hindering street cleaning operations or the free passage of pedestrians. It also bans asking others for money or other items, even when this is only implied by a person’s conduct.

The combined effect of these bans would make it near-impossible for homeless people to avoid breaking the law.

The PSPO would also make it a criminal offence to distribute free matter – defined as “any item, material substance, object or thing” – effectively criminalising acts of kindness towards those in need.

If introduced, the PSPO would give police and council officers the power to issue on-the-spot penalties of up to £100. If unable to pay, those in breach could face prosecution and a fine of up to £1,000.

Lara ten Caten, Lawyer for Liberty, said: “The council’s plans ignore Home Office guidance, inappropriately dismiss poverty as antisocial behaviour and will make it near-impossible for any homeless person to avoid breaking the law. They will punish some of the most vulnerable people in Nottingham, pushing them into the criminal justice system for trying to survive.

“The council may try to argue that their intention is not to criminalise homelessness – but that will be the effect of this PSPO regardless. They should be helping those in need – not outlawing acts of charity in a bid to airbrush their streets. We hope they will rethink these cruel and counter-productive plans.”

Trying to ban poverty

Councils can use PSPOs to ban any activity they consider has a detrimental effect on the lives of those living in an area. Liberty is calling for the power to create PSPOs to be scrapped, arguing that they are far too widely drawn and ripe for misuse and abuse.

In December 2017, the Home Office issued guidance designed to stop councils using PSPOs to target homeless people – but the trend of local authorities doing so has continued throughout 2018.

Nottingham City Council’s proposals could see a homeless person issued with a fine or faced with criminal prosecution simply for being on the street. They could also be penalised if they are given money or food they did not even ask for – and the donor might suffer the same fate.

Liberty believes the draft PSPO, if implemented, risks breaching residents’ fundamental rights, protected by the Human Rights Act. The Act requires the council not to behave in a way which would disproportionately affect people’s rights.

Responding to the consultation, Liberty Lawyer Lara ten Caten urges Nottingham City Council to drop its plans, warning that:

  • The council has not provided sufficient evidence to support the PSPO.
  • The council is ignoring Home Office guidance and is “effectively trying to ban poverty”.
  • The provisions of the PSPO are too vague and could be wrongly used to target anyone who happens to be sleeping rough whether they are engaging in antisocial behaviour or not.
  • The prohibition on the distribution of ‘free matter’ is extremely broad and it is unclear how it is detrimental to the quality of life of others. People should not need special permission from the council to distribute food, donations or other items to help alleviate the plight of homeless people.
  • The provisions of the proposed PSPO are too broad and vague, and violate the fundamental rights to respect for private life and freedom of expression contained within the Human Rights Act – and are therefore unlawful.


Contact: Liberty press office on 020 7378 3656 / 07973 831 128 or

Notes to Editors:

  • Liberty’s response to Nottingham City Council’s PSPO consultation can be found here.
  • The draft PSPO can be found here
  • Hi-res picture of Lara ten Caten can be downloaded here.
  • Created in 2014 by the Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act, PSPOs enable local authorities to criminalise activities that have a persistent and unreasonable detrimental effect on the quality of life of those in the area.
  • Liberty opposed their creation on the basis that they are too widely drawn, with vague definitions of what can be criminalised and disproportionately punitive sanctions, and would result in the fast-tracking of vulnerable individuals into the criminal justice system.
  • The Home Office issued new guidance in December 2017 stating that PSPOs should not be used to target people solely on the basis they are homeless or sleeping rough – but this guidance has had little impact and councils continue to misuse the powers.

About Liberty: Liberty’s members want everyone in the UK to be treated fairly, with dignity and respect. Founded in 1934, we hold the powerful to account so rights are protected and freedom is valued for all. We are entirely independent and our principles are guided by evidence and expertise – not political agenda, profit or popular opinion. We campaign through the courts, in the news, in Parliament and in the wider community to demand and deliver lasting change to benefit the many and the most vulnerable.